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Understanding Periodontal Disease: Insights from Allison Melancon, DDS | Dentist Covington

Periodontal disease, ranging from mild gum inflammation to severe periodontitis, poses a significant threat to oral health, often leading to soft tissue and bone damage. In fact, it stands as the leading cause of adult tooth loss across the United States.

Root Causes of Periodontal Disease

Poor oral hygiene practices stand as a primary culprit behind gum disease. Consistent daily brushing, flossing, and regular professional dental visits are crucial for maintaining optimal oral health. Failure to adhere to these practices allows plaque to accumulate on teeth and along the gumline. Over time, plaque hardens into tartar, which can only be effectively removed by a dental professional.

Unchecked tartar buildup can escalate gum disease to gingivitis, characterized by swollen, reddened gums prone to bleeding. Symptoms may include chronic bad breath, tooth sensitivity, and discomfort while chewing. Timely professional intervention is vital at this stage to prevent progression to periodontitis.

Advanced Stage: Periodontitis Without proper treatment, gingivitis may evolve into periodontitis, the most severe form of gum disease. Periodontitis leads to the formation of pockets along the gum line as gums recede from teeth. These pockets harbor bacteria and are challenging to clean, exacerbating overall oral health deterioration. Left untreated, periodontitis can destroy bone, gums, and soft tissues.

Contributing Factors to Periodontal Disease Several factors contribute to the development of periodontal disease, including:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes, particularly in women
  • Certain medications cause abnormal gum tissue growth
  • HIV/AIDS treatment, increasing susceptibility to gum disease

Health Implications and Risks

Recent studies highlight the systemic implications of untreated periodontal disease, particularly for individuals with cardiovascular disease or diabetes. Additionally, it heightens the risk of pregnancy complications such as low birth weight or premature birth.

Seek Professional Care

Our dentist in Covington possesses the expertise to diagnose and treat every stage of periodontal disease effectively. If you’re experiencing symptoms of periodontal disease, don’t hesitate to reach out to our office and schedule a consultation. Protect your oral and overall health by addressing periodontal disease promptly.

Allison Melancon, DDS, LLC
Phone: (985) 249-6060
19317 N 10th St Ste E
Covington, LA 70433

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